One thing to change: Anecdotes aren’t data

first_img Related Many people are convinced that the country is irredeemably racist, sexist, homophobic, and sexually assaultive, whereas all of these scourges are in steady decline (albeit not quickly enough). People on both the right and left have become cynical about global institutions because they think that the world is becoming poorer and more war-torn, whereas in recent decades global measures of extreme poverty and battle deaths have plummeted.People are terrified of nuclear power (the most scalable form of carbon-free energy) because of images of Three Mile Island (which killed no one), Fukushima (which killed no one; the deaths were caused by the tsunami and a panicked, unnecessary evacuation), and Chernobyl (which killed fewer people than are killed by coal every day). They imagine that fossil fuels can be replaced by solar energy, without doing the math on how many square miles would have to be tiled with solar panels to satisfy the world’s vastly growing thirst for electricity. And they think that voluntary sacrifices, like unplugging laptop chargers, are a sensible way to deal with climate change.How do we change this destructive statistical illiteracy and disdain for data? We need to make “factfulness” (as Hans, Ola, and Anna Rosling call it) an inherent part of the culture of education, journalism, commentary, and politics. An awareness of the infirmity of unaided human intuition should be part of the conventional wisdom of every educated person. Guiding policy or activism by conspicuous events, without reference to data, should come to be seen as risible as guiding them by omens, dreams, or whether Jupiter is rising in Sagittarius.— Steven PinkerJohnstone Family Professor of PsychologyNext week: Abraham “Avi” Loeb discusses why he wants more scientists to think like children. Giving ‘good’ a rigorous inspection Steven Pinker’s history of thought Steven Pinker makes case for human progress in ‘Enlightenment Now’ Wielding data against doom and gloomcenter_img Greene, Pinker, and Singer trade ideas on how to be moral — and happy This is the first part of a series called Focal Point, in which we ask a range of Harvard faculty members to answer the same question. Focal PointSteven PinkerQuestion: What is one thing wrong with the world that you would change, and why?Too many leaders and influencers, including politicians, journalists, intellectuals, and academics, surrender to the cognitive bias of assessing the world through anecdotes and images rather than data and facts.Our president assumed office with a dystopian vision of American “carnage” in an era in which violent crime rates were close to historical lows. His Republican predecessor created a massive new federal department and launched two destructive wars to protect Americans against a hazard, terrorism, that most years kills fewer people than bee stings and lightning strikes. In the year after the 9/11 attacks, 1,500 Americans who were scared away from flying perished in car crashes, unaware that a Boston-LA air trip has the same risk as driving 12 miles.One death from a self-driving Tesla makes worldwide headlines, but the 1.25 million deaths each year from human-driven vehicles don’t. Small children are traumatized by school drills that teach them how to hide from rampage shooters, who have an infinitesimal chance of killing them compared with car crashes, drownings, or, for that matter, non-rampage killers, who slay the equivalent of a Sandy Hook and a half every day. Several heavily publicized police shootings have persuaded activists that minorities are in mortal danger from racist cops, whereas three analyses (two by Harvard faculty, Sendhil Mullainathan and Roland Fryer) have shown no racial bias in police shootings. “How do we change this destructive statistical illiteracy and disdain for data?” The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. ‘What could be more interesting than how the mind works?’last_img read more

GFF/BFA NAMILCO U-17 league : Wins for Paradise Invaders, Monedderlust and N/A United

first_imgPARADISE Invaders, Monedderlust and New Amsterdam United recorded victories when play in the Berbice Football Association (BFA) leg of the GFF/NAMILCO Under-17 league continued recently.The game between Paradise Invaders and Mahaicony Thunder Hawks on Saturday saw Paradise Invaders make full use of their home advantage and crowd support to needle their opponents by one goal to nil.Paradise’s leading goalgetter, Shakeel DeHarte netted in the 58th minute, after a scoreless half-time where chances by both sides went a-begging.On Sunday Monedderlust whipped Mahaicony Thunder Hawks 2-nil.A penalty was awarded for an infringement in the 18-yard box in the 3rd minute. Paul McDonald drove a right foot shot, from the penalty mark, past the outstretched right hand of Mahaicony custodian Anthony Bovell.The second goal for Monedderlust came from an early strike upon resumption by the diminutive number 10 Chetram ‘Devin’ Saroopchand.New Amsterdam United then blanked Corriverton Links four goals to nil.The half-time score was 1-nil in favour of N/A United compliments of Jamal McCalmont in the 40th minute. However, goals two and three resulted from the boot of Tierre Phillips in the 66th and 78th minutes.Troy Munroe scored the fourth in the 87th minute to finalise the score line.last_img read more

StarTimes to Broadcast Chelsea, Swansea Game Free-to-air

first_imgVictor Moses, Ngolo Kante, Diego Costa and Eden Hazard are key Chelsea hitmen who have spearheaded the onslaught this season, and they will all be in action on Saturday for the game that can further extend Chelsea’s leadership and reach for the trophy.StarTimes will also broadcast other top leagues games from Serie A, Bundesliga and Chinese league, on sports channels including ST World Football (channel 245 or 254), ST Sports Premium (channel 246 or 252), ST Sports (channel 251 or 241), and ST Focus (channel 250 or 240).On Saturday, (ST World Football) Bayern Munich versus Hamburger SV, 2.30PM; Hertha Berlin and Eintracht Frankfurt 5.30PM; (Sports Arena) RB Leipzig and FC Koln, Bayer 04 Leverkusen versus Mainz 05; (Sports life) Freiburg versus Borussia Dortmund. Next Saturday, Roma will battle Napoli (Sports Life) while Udinese tackle Juventus (world football) 2PMStarTimes has lined up exciting mix of live football games and entertainment for maximum viewing pleasure of subscribers who crave for sporting actions, with exclusive broadcast rights to Bundesliga, Serie A, ligue One, Chinese league as well as select EPL games on its partner channel, NTA Sports 24.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram StarTimes says football fans on its cable network will enjoy another action-packed weekend of live games, particularly the match between premier league leaders, Chelsea and Swansea. Fans will enjoy the game free-to-air on NTA Sports 24 (STarTimes channel 270) on Saturday, 4PM.Head of Public Relations, StarTimes Nigeria, Mr. Israel Bolaji who disclosed this in a chat said StarTimes will do everything necessary to lavish Nigerians with varieties of football entertainmentBolaji explained that as the battle for the league title heats up, Antonio Conte’s squad will be looking to further tighten their grip on the league with 8-points gap atop the table and 52 goals till date while relegation battlers, Swansea will attempt to battle their way up to safety. Chelsea has maintained a great form, thrashing Arsenal 3-1 in their last home game, an 11th successive victory in all competitions this season to the delight of an excited home crowd.last_img read more