Plastic pollution in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean has been recorded in scientific literature since the 1980s; however, the presence of microplastic particles (<5 mm) is less understood. Here, we aimed to determine whether microplastic accumulation would vary among Antarctic and Southern Ocean regions through studying 30 deep-sea sediment cores. Additionally, we aimed to highlight whether microplastic accumulation was related to sample depth or the sediment characteristics within each core. Sediment cores were digested and separated using a high-density sodium polytungstate solution (SPT) and microplastic particles were identified using micro-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (μFTIR). Microplastic pollution was found in 93% of the sediment cores (28/30). The mean (±SE) microplastics per gram of sediment was 1.30 ± 0.51, 1.09 ± 0.22, and 1.04 ± 0.39 MP/g, for the Antarctic Peninsula, South Sandwich Islands, and South Georgia, respectively. Microplastic fragment accumulation correlated significantly with the percentage of clay within cores, suggesting that microplastics have similar dispersion behavior to low density sediments. Although no difference in microplastic abundance was found among regions, the values were much higher in comparison to less remote ecosystems, suggesting that the Antarctic and Southern Ocean deep-sea accumulates higher numbers of microplastic pollution than previously expected.
BILL NEAL• I don’t know about you, but I’m drinking the kool-aid. I’m back on the horse. I’ve circled the wagons. When the going gets tuff . . . all those good ole sayings. I’m bringing them all out. Steelers do it again and “Say the Ravens Nevermore!” We win this one and it’s time to start talking Super Bowl. You want the truth, well you got it. Now tell Superman, Batman and Robin too!• The first ever Achieving Greatness Awards, heretofore AGA, is set to go and I promise you this, it will be the most spectacular awards event in this city’s history. Saturday, December 13th, 6:00 p.m. – 10:00 p.m., at the fabulous Blue Line Grill, 5th Avenue Downtown Pittsburgh across from the back of Consol Arena, featuring the Willie Stargell MVP Award . . . the Celebrating Women Awards . . . The Connie Hawkins Summer Basketball League Hall of Fame Inductees . . . and introducing the first time ever historic debut of The Pittsburgh City League All Sports Hall of Fame Inductions, recognizing and honoring some of the greatest athletes in Western Pennsylvania history. Tickets $20 in advance. $25 at the door. Dress to impress. Valet and street parking, 21 and over, cash bar, cash kitchen, after party starring The Legend Sly Jock. First come, first seat, rooftop VIP Room. Call (412) 628-4856. THIS IS GONNA BE SPECIAL . . . MORE INFO COMING SOON.• Okay, by the way, if you want to kill your wife or girlfriend, apparently all you have to do is do it in Australia. Oh, now I’m the bad guy . . . I told you you can’t handle the truth!!!• Even though Cortez Allen can’t cover a small bed with a large blanket . . . can’t watch the sun come up . . . plays the corner like Stevie Wonder . . . okay, okay, that’s all I got, but on the real (Remember we used to talk like that?) Coach Tomlin is going to have to hang in there with him. One day we’re going to need him and he’ll rise to the occasion. Count on it. Champions always do!• Madison Bumgarner may not be the greatest pitcher in major league baseball history, but clearly he’s the only one to pretty much win three of the seven games by himself. That my friends is the stuff legends are made of. The Giants win. The Giants win. The Giants win!• For those of you that had the nerve to question me on the Steelers bringing back Brett Keisel and James Harrison . . . well, who’s your daddy now?• The Pittsburgh City League may not have many schools left, but the ones they have are still great and holding down the City League tradition and grand style. Please continue to support City League athletics and our student athletes.• By the way, if you have a senior student/athlete set to graduate in June and he or she doesn’t have five colleges identified and contacted on some level, he or she is late, very late. Let’s go parents!• The NBA kicked off Tuesday night. Just go with this and trust me. San Antonio squares off for the West title and Cleveland and Miami will get it on in the East . . . it’s meant to be.• Health Tip — baked is better for you than fried. It just is!< You Have Just Crossed the Finish Line >
0Shares0000The U20 project has courted controversy and become a diplomatic headache for Berlin and Beijing after a pro-Tibetan independence protest during a match in Mainz on November 18 © dpa/AFP/File / Hasan BraticBEIJING, China, Nov 26 – The Chinese FA said Sunday that its under-20 team will return home from Germany after indefinitely suspending its tour over protests by activists who unfurled Tibetan flags at a game.The youth team had been scheduled to play a series of friendlies against German fourth-tier sides until May, aimed at improving China’s chances at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. But the project has courted controversy and become a diplomatic headache for Berlin and Beijing after a pro-Tibetan independence protest during a match in Mainz on November 18.The German football association (DFB) said last week that the Chinese under-20s would not play the three matches scheduled before the end of the year.Then on Sunday its Chinese counterpart, the CFA, added: “It has been decided to pause the U20 project and arrangements have been made for the team to return home.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)